Main provisions of the Gambling Act
The NRA regulates the Bulgarian gaming industry with the help of the Gambling Act. This Act stipulates the main provisions of the sector.
Article 2 details the definitions of gambling, as well as its participants:
- Gambling is any game of chance in which a wager is placed, and there may be gain or loss from the wager.
- A participant in a game of chance is the person who has placed a wager to participate in the game.
- Only persons of legal age who can legally participate in games of chance and for whom no restrictions are provided in this or other laws may participate in games of chance. Persons with legal incapacity may receive tickets or tokens to participate in conventional lotteries, pools, and raffles only as a gift.
Furthermore, article 45, paragraph 2 states:
The following individuals shall not be admitted into gambling halls and casinos:
- Individuals under the age of 18;
- Uniformed individuals, except for individuals attending in line of duty;
- Armed individuals, except for attending in line of duty which requires their armed presence;
- Individuals without identity documents;
- Individuals who have violated the order in the casino, including individuals in a state of intoxication or under the effect of drugs or other psychotropic substances;
- Individuals who have jeopardized the order and have disturbed the conduct of the games and who have been prohibited by the organizer from participating in gambling games.
The Bulgarian Gambling Act makes no legal distinction between online and stationary casinos, except for Article 44, paragraph 1:
(Amended, SG No. 79/2015, effective 1.08.2016) Gambling halls and casinos may not be located at a distance less than 300 meters—from schools within the meaning of the Pre-school and School Education Act, as well as from orphanage homes for children deprived of parental care unless they are housed in hotels of “four star” or “five-star” categories.