Main provisions of gambling regulations in New Zealand
As we have mentioned before, the New Zealand Gambling Act was put into action in 2003, establishing different provisions to regulate the way in which gambling functions within New Zealand's borders.
- Section 5 of the Act defines the different principles that must be followed to implement gambling policies for the different disciplines. They center around the need to promote public health, minimizing the harm that comes from gambling.
- Section 3 establishes the different classes that can operate within the country. Casinos are placed under Class I. Gambling activities not related to casinos fall under Class II. Class III is reserved for small lotteries, and Class IV includes certain types of promotional gambling and special lotteries.
- Section 20 is really important as it establishes that all gambling activities are prohibited unless they are authorized under the Act. Section 21 is important as it introduces the concept of licensing to operate gambling activities in the country. Nobody is allowed to run a gambling operation without holding a valid license. Sections 22-24 discuss the specific requirements for getting a license under the different classes. Penalties for violation of these rules are established in sections 52-58.
- Sections 45-51 specify the restrictions to take part in gambling activities. Establishing that people must be 18 and older to take part also establishes the conditions for auto exclusions.
- Professional athletes can bet in New Zealand, but there are specific restrictions that look to protect the integrity of the sports disciplines. The 2003 act forbids any person connected to a sports association to bet on a match where that team is involved. This means that players or coaches of any team can bet on their teams or against them. Referees and any other officials involved in a match can't bet either. Breaching this rule has a fine of NZ$20,000 and jail time of up to one year. Professional players can't play in online casinos or offshore casinos since they are more complex to regulate.